Gum Disease Symptoms and Causes

Periodontal diseases are classified according to their severity and there are two major stages; gingivitis and periodontitis.

The early stage of gum disease is called “gingivitis”, the first warning signs, which you should look out for, are:

  1. reddish-blue patches at the gum margins
  2. red, swollen gums
  3. bleeding gums
  4. unpleasant tastes and odours in the mouth
  5. sensitivity of some of the teeth to cold and hot

Periodontitis is a more advanced form of gum disease and occurs when plaque destroys the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. When the gum tissue and bone are destroyed the tooth loses its support and becomes loose in its socket. At this stage teeth may fall out or need to be removed.

It is possible to have gum disease without showing any symptoms, which is why, it is important to visit your dentist regularly for check ups.

Whilst some people are just prone to gum disease (it can even be hereditary) other common causes of gum disease include; poor brushing technique, neglecting to floss or forgetting to change your toothbrush regularly. All lead to the build up of plaque on our teeth and over time, plaque that is not removed will harden and form tartar, which brushing cannot remove. The longer that plaque and tartar are left on the teeth, the more destructive the bacteria becomes.